Concrete stain finishes are different than epoxy floor systems in that they are semi-transparent in appearance. The results are beautiful colors and original concrete designs that can resemble marble, natural stones and weathered leather. There are no two floors alike in these processes. Sometimes within the same job there can be slight variations. We recommend doing several test spots.
Dyed Stains have become very popular is the staining of indoor floors because they are nearly VOC free and have very little odor. Dyes are available in both water and oil based formulas that allow a variety of special effects to be applied to any floor. WB dyes tend to produce more marbling while oil based dyes are more monotone and uniform in color.
Acid Stains provide a multi-hued, semi-transparent look of natural glazed stone or “weathered leather” that looks perfectly aged. The different color variations are created through a chemical reaction within the concrete and it’s PH levels. It is important to test the substrate in several spots to get an idea of those variations. Acids stains are considered more versatile in that they can be applied both indoors and outdoors because they are UV protected.
In most cases, these stains are only applied on new concrete surfaces.
- The surface must be thoroughly scrubbed and degrease of any contaminants.
- Protective equipment such as respirator, gloves and goggles must be worn.
- Builder’s plastic must be used around all wall, cabinets and doors to protect them from being discolored.
- Garden sprayers can be used along with brushes or sponges. However, acid-based stains can only be applied using sprayers that are designed to be resistant to hydrochloric acid.
- Important to neutralize acid stains with ammonia, orange degreaser or manufacture’s product. Repeat this process until there is no longer residue on the surface. Use a wet/dry vacuum between cleaning.
- Apply the clear topcoat(s) as directed by the manufacturer.
It is highly recommended to hire a professional for this application.